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Constellation Leo Myth

Constellation Leo Myth


Constellation Leo myth centered on the Nemean Lion which was killed by Hercules. One of the twelve tasks of Hercules was to kill the lion, which this constellation is thought to represent. 

The first of Hercules' historic Twelve Labors was to bring to King Eurystheus the skin of an invulnerable lion which roamed the land of Argolis, terrorizing the hills around Nemea.
Constellation Leo Myth
Leo Myth
Legend says that the lion had a hide that could not puncture by iron, bronze or stone. Since he couldn't reason with the ferocious beast, Hercules strangled it to death and the local people were very grateful.
 
The birthright of this Nemean Lion varies according to different sources consulted.
 
According to some sources, this enormous and extremely ferocious beast was the offspring of a liaison between the 100-headed monster known as the Typhon and the half-maiden/half serpent called Echinda. Other sources state that the Nemean Lion fell to Earth from the Moon and was the offspring of Zeus (King of the Gods) and Selene (Goddess of the Moon).
It is also suggested that Selene deliberately let the beast loose on the population of Nemea in Argolis because they did not pay her due homage. In addition, the Nemean Lion is credited with being the brother of the Theban Sphinx
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Regardless, Hercules began his first labor...a seemingly impossible task...by traveling to a town called Cleonae, where he stayed at the house of an impoverished workman-for-hire whose name was Molorchus.
 
When Molorchus offered to sacrifice an animal in order to ensure a safe lion hunt, Hercules asked the workman to wait thirty days. Then, if the hero returned with the lion's skin, a sacrifice would be made to Zeus. However, if Hercules perished during the course of his quest, Molorchus agreed to make the sacrifice instead in honor of the deceased hero.
 
Upon reaching Nemea, Hercules began to track the terrible lion. However, he soon discovered that arrows were useless against the creature. Picking up his club, Hercules followed the lion to a cave which had two entrances. Blocking one of the doorways, the hero approached the fierce lion through the other.
 
Then, grasping the beast within his mighty arms and ignoring its powerful claws, Hercules held the lion tightly until he had choked it to death. Returning to Cleonae carrying the dead lion, Hercules reunited with Molorchus on the thirtieth day after his departure.
 
According to some versions of the tale, once the huge lion was dead, Hercules set about skinning the beast, but the hide was so tough that he could neither tear nor cut it. Then, he tried the enormous claws which were very sharp and managed to penetrate the skin, whereupon Hercules claimed his trophy.
 
Realizing how impenetrable this pelt would be, he threw it over himself in the form of a cloak and, pulling the head over his own as a helmet, created from the hide an armor which would make this hero even more powerful than before...symbolically adopting the attributes of the lion to complete his remaining tasks.
 
An alternative to the story of how the Nemean Lion was skinned states that Athene, in the guise of an ancient crone, eventually helped Hercules to realize that the best tool to cut the hide would be the beast's very own claws.
 
Later, it is said that it was Zeus who hung the lion's likeness in the heavens. There, the creature slain by Hercules spends much time snoozing in his den. Despite his fangs, he is perceived as a friendly and affectionate beast...a loving father to his cubs and most protective of his lioness.

Other Constellation Leo Myth

The Chaldean associated Leo with the sun since it is in the sky during the summer solstice (although this is no longer true, due to the procession of the Earth's axis). Since Nile floods around this time, the ancient Egyptians worshiped the celestial lion.
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